For surnames previously listed on my old sites, are now listed at

My direct line surnames...

Collateral branches...

Hawaiians traditionally did not have surnames.  Surnames came into being because of a law in 1860.  After that the law wasn't always followed, especially in rural areas.

These are the individuals who only go by one name in my database:
Manu, Nakihe.

*Manu is sometimes listed with the last name of NAIHE.  She was married to Nakihe and we theorize that Naihe is a mistake and that it might have got confused with/for Nakihe.  No documents of a Manu Naihe have been found.

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